When God first completed his work of creation, He “saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good”. (Genesis 1:31) There was a world in which there was no disease and no “thorns and thistles” (Genesis 3:18) to harm human beings. It was a world of great abundance and beauty, far beyond anything we can imagine today. Moreover, Adam and Eve were included in the pronouncement “very good” so they were perfectly free from sin. In addition, they were not subject to disease or aging or death (see Romans 5:12; also Ecclesiastes. 7:29).
A Christian worldview must include the idea that there is a measure of moral evil (what the Bible calls “sin”) in the heart of every human who lives on the face of the earth. In addition, the Bible shows that this moral evil in human beings must be defined in comparison to an external standard of right and wrong, a standard that comes not from within the human race, but from God himself. This one idea, that human beings are viewed as sinful before the absolute moral standards of the one true God, has immense implications even among some persons.
Here is the narrative from the beginning chapters of the Bible that explains the origin of evil in the human race: “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat” (Genesis 2:16-17).
However, Adam and Eve disobeyed this command: “So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight of the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate” (Genesis 3:6).
After this event, God confronted Adam and Eve and imposed punishment on them (see Genesis 3:8-24). In addition, the entire human race was affected for all subsequent generations. In the New Testament, Paul wrote: “Sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because of sin… One trespass led to the condemnation for all men … By one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners” (Romans 5:12, 18-19).
After Adam and Eve sinned, their inward moral nature was sinful. They had a tendency to sin more. And this tendency to sin was passed on to all later generations, to every human being on the earth (Romans 3:23: “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God”).
The first sin by Adam and Eve at the beginning of human history has several implications that affect a person’s worldview and ultimately a person’s view of many political questions.
Human conduct today (even the best conduct) is not the true standard of right or wrong. It cannot be according to the Bible, because all people are sinful and fall short of what God requires. This means that our standards of what is “right” or wrong” should not be determined merely by observing current human experience. When God told Adam and Eve not to eat of a certain tree, the standard of right and wrong came from outside themselves. And when God gave the human race other commands, the moral standards came from outside the human race as well.
Today, we grapple with what is right and what is wrong, but any behaviour which goes against the Word of God is sinful and must be regarded as such. We cannot change God, but we can certainly change our lifestyles, behavior, etc. Notwithstanding that Sigmund Freud said “that all behaviour of man is purposeful,” God’s standard is still holiness.